HR 101: Exploring HR Responsibilities

Welcome to the HR 101 Guide. If you’re here because you’re starting up a business, you’re thinking about a career in HR, you did a random Google search, or for any other reason, you’ve come to the perfect place to learn all things HR. If you already know what HR is, why it’s important, and all about HR responsibilities and careers, you can go ahead and skip to the next chapter. But for those of you looking for the basics, we’ll give you the HR 101 breakdown, so even if you start not knowing what the letters “H” and “R” stand for, you’ll finish with an understanding of and appreciation for the many hats of an HR professional.

HR 101 Guide text book

What Is HR?

HR stands for human resources. Within a business, human resources is the department responsible for the development, hiring, and training of employees. Every company’s most important asset is its people, so it makes sense to dedicate part of your business to cultivating the employee/employer relationship. Depending on the size of the company, the HR department may consist of one person or many. While some assume HR duties are only administrative tasks, human resources professionals take on a wide range of strategic roles and responsibilities.

What Do HR Professionals Do?

So what are those HR roles and responsibilities? We will cover each of these topics in detail in later chapters, but as an overview, HR departments generally oversee and manage the following:

Talent Acquisition
Onboarding & Offboarding
Performance Management
Compensation & Benefits
Time Tracking
HR Reporting & Analytics
HR Software
Jump to Chapter 12:
Getting the Most from HR Software

Why Is HR Important?

Rarely do HR professionals get to be the face of the company. They usually act as behind-the-scenes champions. An excellent HR team keeps things running smoothly, nurtures positive relationships between employees and the organization, and is crucial to a company’s success.